Apa itu SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE?

By | 29/10/2020
What are SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE?

Sokongan dan rintangan adalah salah satu teknik analisis teknikal yang paling banyak diikuti di pasaran kewangan. Ini adalah kaedah mudah untuk menganalisis carta dengan cepat untuk menentukan tiga tempat menarik bagi peniaga: / Support and resistance is one of the most widely followed technical analysis techniques in the financial markets. It is a simple method to analyze a chart quickly to determine three points of interest to a trader:

  • Arah pasaran / The direction of the market
  • Masa masuk ke pasaran / Timing an entry in the market
  • Menetapkan titik untuk keluar dari pasaran sama ada untung rugi. / Establishing points to exit the market at either a profit of loss

Sekiranya peniaga dapat menjawab ketiga-tiga item di atas, maka pada dasarnya mereka mempunyai idea perdagangan. Mengenal pasti tahap sokongan dan rintangan pada carta dapat menjawab soalan tersebut untuk peniaga. / If a trader can answer the three items above, then they essentially have a trading idea. Identifying levels of support and resistance on a chart can answer those questions for the trader.

SUPPORT

Sokongan adalah kawasan pada carta yang harganya telah menurun tetapi sukar untuk menembusi di bawah. Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan bagaimana harga turun ke kawasan sokongan dan seterusnya ‘melantun’ tajam dari tahap ini.

Support is an area on a chart that price has dropped to but struggled to break below. The diagram above shows how price drops down to the area of support and subsequently ‘bounces’ sharply from this level.

Secara teori, sokongan adalah tahap harga di mana permintaan (daya beli) cukup kuat untuk mengelakkan harga menurun lebih jauh. Rasionalnya adalah, apabila harganya semakin dekat dan semakin dekat dengan sokongan, dan semakin murah dalam prosesnya, pembeli melihat kesepakatan yang lebih baik, dan cenderung membeli. Penjual menjadi kurang cenderung untuk menjual, kerana mereka mendapat tawaran yang lebih buruk. Dalam senario itu, permintaan (pembeli) akan mengatasi penawaran (penjual) dan itu akan melarang harga jatuh di bawah sokongan.

In theory, support is the price level at which demand (buying power) is strong enough to prevent the price from declining further. The rationale is that, as the price gets closer and closer to support, and becomes cheaper in the process, buyers see a better deal, and are more likely to buy. Sellers become less likely to sell, since they are getting a worse deal. In that scenario, demand (buyers) will overcome supply (sellers) and that will prohibit price from falling below support.

Sokongan, sebagai “pembelian, aktual atau potensial, cukup dalam PERMINTAAN untuk menghentikan penurunan harga dalam jangka waktu yang cukup tinggi.” dan mungkin membalikkannya, mulakan harga naik lagi. Harga yang berpatutan untuk pembeli dan risiko mendapat ganjaran lebih tinggi. / Support, as the “buying, actual or potential, sufficient in DEMAND to halt a downtrend in prices for an appreciable period.” and possibly reverse it, start prices moving up again. Fair price for buyers and risk to reward is more

What are SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE?
RESISTANCE

Rintangan adalah kawasan pada carta yang harganya telah meningkat tetapi sukar untuk menembusi di atas. Gambar rajah di atas menunjukkan bagaimana harga naik ke kawasan rintangan dan seterusnya “melantun” secara mendadak dari tahap ini. / Resistance is an area on a chart that price has risen to but struggled to break above. The diagram above shows how price rises up to the area of resistance and subsequently “bounces” sharply from this level.

Rintangan adalah tahap harga di mana bekalan (daya jual) cukup kuat untuk mengelakkan harga naik lebih jauh. Alasan di sebalik ini adalah bahawa ketika harga semakin dekat dan semakin dekat dengan rintangan, dan menjadi lebih mahal dalam prosesnya, penjual cenderung menjual dan pembeli menjadi cenderung untuk membeli. Dalam senario itu, penawaran (penjual) akan mengatasi permintaan (pembeli) dan itu akan melarang harga daripada berada di atas rintangan. / Resistance is the price level at which supply (selling power) is strong enough to prevent the price from rising further. The rationale behind this is that as the price gets closer and closer to resistance, and becomes more expensive in the process, sellers are more likely to sell and buyers become less likely to buy. In that scenario, supply (sellers) will overcome demand (buyers) and that will prohibit price from going above resistance.

Untuk panduan yang komprehensif, baca halaman kami mengenai Forex Support and Resistance dijelaskan. / For a comprehensive guide, read our page on Forex Support and Resistance Explained.

Rintangan, kerana penjualan, sebenar atau berpotensi, bekalan yang tidak mencukupi untuk membuat harga tidak naik untuk sementara waktu, dan mungkin mengubah aliran menaiknya. Harga yang berpatutan untuk penjual dan risiko mendapat ganjaran lebih tinggi / Resistance, as the selling, actual or potential, insufficient supply to keep prices from rising for a time, and possibly turn back its uptrend. Fair price for sellers and risk to reward is more.

How to Trade with SUPPORT AND RESISTANCE?
FLIPPING

These price levels constantly switch their roles from support to resistance and from resistance to support. A former resistance, once it has been surpassed, becomes a support zone in a subsequent downtrend; and old support, once it has been penetrated, becomes are resistance zone in a later advancing phase.”

FLIPPING
Why Support and Resistance important?

These points are not random, they created by the market. They represent momentary changed of demand and supply forces

The bulls could not move the market above the swing high. This means that at that point in time, no one was willing to offer a price higher than the swing high. Traders saw no value above the swing high

Hence, subsequently, when price moves close to or near or above a wing high, we must remember that traders saw no value in buying above that point previously. Assuming that most traders have not changed their opinions, prices are unlikely to move above the swing high. Effectively the swing high mark a price area that resists the market from moving up this is what we call a resistance area. Reverse for support area

Why Support and Resistance important?

Once the structure of market know, then find which phase the market is currently (accumulation or distribution or up or down)

Why Support and Resistance are important?
The Psychology of Support and Resistance

To illustrate, let’s divide the market participants into three categories the longs, the shorts, and the uncommitted. When price comes to the support level

  1. The longs are those traders who have already purchased contracts;
  2. The shorts are those who have already committed themselves to the sell-side;
  3. The uncommitted are those who have out of the market or remain undecided as to which side to enter.

Traders with the fear of missing out would enter their trades the moment the price comes close to Support to get at cheap price. And if there’s enough buying pressure; the market would reverse at that location.

Let’s assume that a market starts to move higher from a support area where prices have been fluctuating OR accumulating for some time.

The longs are delighted but regret not having bought more. If the market would retrace back near that support area again, they could add to their long positions.

The shorts now that they are on the wrong side of the market. The shorts are hoping (and praying) for a dip back to that area where they went short so they can get out of the market where they got in (their break-even point).

The final uncommitted group, now realize that prices are going higher and resolve to enter the market on the long side on the next good buying opportunity.

All four groups are resolved to “buy the next dip.” They all have a “vested interest” in that support area under the market. If prices decline near to support, renewed buying by all four groups will push the prices up

Now let’s turn the tables and imagine that, instead of moving higher, prices move lower. In the previous situation, because prices advanced, the combined reaction of the market participants caused each downside reaction to being met with additional buying (thereby creating new support). However, if prices start to drop and move below the previous support zone, the reaction becomes just the opposite. All those who bought in the support zone now realize that they made a mistake.

All of the factors that created support by the three categories of participants—the longs, the shorts, and the uncommitted—will now function to put a ceiling over prices on subsequent rallies or bounces. As all of the previous buy orders under the market have become sell orders over the market. Support zone has become a resistance zone

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